what is tokenomics

TRASTRA’s Ultimate Guide to Tokenomics – The What, The Why, And The How (Video)


I imagine by now you’ve heard of Bitcoin, Ethereum, and all the other cryptocurrencies out there. You’ve probably also heard about Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), which are a popular way to raise money for new cryptocurrency projects. If you’re like most people, you’re probably wondering what all this fuss is about. In this article, I’m going to give you a crash course in tokenomics – what it is, why it’s important, and how it works. By the end of this article, you’ll be able to hold your own in any conversation about cryptocurrencies.

What is Tokenomics’ and What are its Core Features?

Tokenomics is the study of the economic incentives built into cryptocurrencies and digital tokens. These incentive mechanisms are designed to encourage certain behaviors in order to maintain the health of the network. For example, Bitcoin miners are rewarded with newly minted bitcoins for their work in validating transactions and verifying blocks. This incentive system helps to ensure that there is a steady supply of new bitcoins being introduced into the market while also providing an incentive for people to participate in the mining process.

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In addition, many tokens have what is known as a “token burn” feature. This means that a portion of each transaction is automatically destroyed, which helps to reduce the overall supply of tokens and increase their value over time. Tokenomics is a complex subject, but understanding the core features can help you make more informed decisions when investing in cryptocurrencies or digital assets.

Mining and Staking

Mining and staking are two key mechanisms in the crypto economy that help to ensure the scarcity of tokens and, as a result, their value. Mining is the process of creating new tokens by solving complex mathematical problems. The rewards for mining are often large, which provides an incentive for people to participate. Staking, on the other hand, is the process of holding onto tokens in order to earn yields. When tokens are staked, they are locked up and cannot be traded. 

The rewards for staking are typically smaller than mining rewards, but they provide a steadier stream of income. Both mining and staking help to create scarcity by reducing the supply of tokens, which drives up prices. In addition, both processes often involve burning tokens, which further reduces supplies and adds to scarcity. As a result, these two mechanisms play an important role in maintaining the value of tokens in the crypto economy.

Yields in DeFi

Decentralized finance platforms are catching a lot of attention lately. But what exactly are they, and what do they mean for the future of the crypto economy? Put simply, defi platforms are decentralized versions of traditional financial products and services. This means that they’re built on the blockchain, which enables them to offer a number of advantages over traditional finance. One of the most talked-about features of defi is yield farming. 

This refers to the practice of earning interest on crypto assets by providing liquidity to defi protocols. The interest earned is typically paid in the form of the protocol’s native token, which can then be used to purchase other assets or reinvested in the protocol to earn even more interest. This process is often compared to mining, as it requires users to put up their own capital in order to help support the network. And like mining, it can be very profitable if done correctly. 

However, it’s important to note that yield farming is still a relatively new phenomenon, and there are a lot of risks involved. In addition, many defi protocols require users to lock up their assets for a period of time in order to earn interest. This means that there’s a chance you could lose access to your assets if the platform goes bankrupt.

Token Burns

Token burns are a crucial part of tokenomics, and they help to ensure the long-term health of the crypto economy. Here’s how they work: when a token is burned, it is permanently removed from the token supply. This reduces the total supply of tokens and helps to drive up prices by increasing demand. Token burns also help to increase yields for token holders, as there are fewer tokens in circulation to be mined or staked. In addition, token burns can help to reduce inflationary pressure in the token economy. By carefully managing the token burn rate, projects can help to ensure that their token supplies remain healthy and sustainable in the long run.

Bad Protocol-level Decisions in DeFi and their Implications (Terra)

In the world of decentralized finance, or “defi,” protocol level decisions are made by a variety of different actors, and the tokenomics of a particular protocol or token are defined by its community. Token burns, for example, are often decided by the protocol developers, while token supplies and mined yields are more commonly determined by the token holders themselves. In any case, the tokenomics of a particular protocol or token is always subject to change, depending on the whims of its community. So, if you’re ever wondering who makes decisions at the protocol level in defi, just look to the community for answers.

For instance, Terra’s luna scandal was a huge blow to the crypto economy. Terra’s decision to artificially increase the mining difficulty and decrease the yields caused many miners to abandon the project. In addition, Terra’s decision to burn tokens and reduce the token supply led to a massive sell-off of the currency. As a result, the value of Terra plunged, and many investors lost a great deal of money. The Terra luna scandal is a cautionary tale about the risks of investing in the volatile world of cryptocurrency.

Terra’s algorithmic stablecoin TerraUSD (UST) has come under fire recently for its complicated reliance on a network of arbitrageurs who swap UST with another of Terra’s tokens, LUNA, in order to keep the price of UST as close to $1 as possible. 

Some have even gone so far as to call it a ‘scam’ and compared it to other controversial algorithmic stablecoins such as Basis and Carbon. However, despite the criticisms, TerraUSD remains one of the most popular stablecoins in the crypto economy, with a market cap of over $1 billion. Terra’s team has responded to the criticisms by saying that they are committed to transparency and will provide more details about how UST is pegged to the dollar in the future. Only time will tell if TerraUSD will be able to weather this storm.

Algorithmic Stablecoins and Game Theory (Maker DAO, AMP)

Tokenomics is essentially game theory in action; by understanding the rules of the game, projects can create tokens that maximize utility and encourage sustainable growth.

One of the fascinating aspects of tokenomics is the wide range of possibilities that it opens up. For example, algorithmic stablecoins like MakerDAO use game theory to stabilize their prices, while AMP uses it to create a decentralized escrow system that protects against fraud. These are just a few examples of how game theory can be used in the crypto economy.

While some might see this as a recipe for disaster, others believe that algos are the key to creating a thriving ecosystem. After all, what better way to promote good behavior than by offering a free pass to those who are willing to experiment? So, if you’re looking for a truly wild ride, be sure to keep an eye on those. You never know what crazy game theory will be put into action next.

Core Differences in Tokenomics (Olympus DAO, Loot)

Here’s another example: Olympus DAO and Loot are both decentralized projects that aim to provide stability in the crypto economy. Olympus DAO is a reserve currency that algorithmically issues stablecoins, while Loot is an NFT character sheet game. Both projects have their own unique tokenomics. Olympus DAO’s tokenomics allow users to earn interest on their deposited tokens, while Loot’s tokenomics enable users to mint new characters and items. Both projects have their own strengths and weaknesses: Olympus DAO is more centralized than Loot, but it offers a higher interest rate; Loot is more decentralized than Olympus DAO, but it has a lower interest rate.

It’s important to note that the tokenomics of a project can change over time. For example, when Olympus DAO launched, it had a much higher interest rate than it does now. Similarly, when Loot launched, it had a very low interest rate. However, as the projects have grown and matured, their tokenomics have changed.

Tokenomics of Governance Tokens ( Uniswap V3, Polygon, Gnosis Chain)

In the world of crypto, there’s a lot of talk about governance tokens. These are tokens that represent a voting share in a blockchain project. They’re seen as a way to decentralize governance and allow token holders to have a say in how the project is run. However, governance tokens are just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to decentralizing coordination in the crypto economy. Another important piece is algorithmic stablecoins. These are cryptocurrencies that peg their value to a basket of assets, such as fiat currencies or commodities. This stability mechanism helps to ensure that transactions can be made without the need for a centralized authority. As more projects adopt these decentralized governance models, we’re likely to see a more vibrant and decentralized crypto-economy emerge.

Governance tokens have become an essential part of the crypto economy. These tokens are used to vote on governance decisions made by DAOs, or decentralized autonomous organizations. Uniswap, one of the leading DeFi platforms, is currently discussing whether to deploy Uniswap V3 to Polygon’s proof-of-stake chain and Gnosis Chain. This decision will be made by holders of UNI governance tokens, who will vote on the proposal. It’s important to note that DAOs are still a relatively new phenomenon, and there is a lot of excitement surrounding their potential. While it remains to be seen how effective they will be in the long run, it’s clear that they are having a major impact on the crypto economy.


While it might be easy to fork a blockchain, it’s not so easy to create a successful tokenomics model – a governance mechanism is key. But even with the best governance in place, things can still go wrong. In the event of a disaster, it’s important to have a plan B – and for some projects, that might mean reverting to an earlier tokenomics schedule. Thankfully, blockchain technology makes this possible. As long as there is community support, hard forks provide a way for DeFi projects to recover from missteps and continue on their path to success.

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